(Map M4)

The Hall of the H. Company in Lond. It stands in Maiden Lane, opposite to the Goldsmiths H. The site was bequeathed to the Company by William Baker in 1478. The original H. was destroyed in the Gt. Fire. It was used as the meeting-place of the Commissioners of Parliament during and after the great Civil War, and many confiscations of cavaliers' property were made there. In Cowley's Cutter (a rewritten version of his Renaissance play The Guardian) i. 4, Jolly, the Cavalier, says that if he married the widow of Barebottle who had got his sequestrated estate, "That were as hard a composition for one's own as ever was made at H.-H."


A vill. N. of Lond., a little over 2 m. from St. Paul's. It is now incorporated in the great city, but was in the 16th cent. a fashionable country suburb where many noble families resided. It was a favourite resort of the citizens for an afternoon's outing, and it was even suggested that H.-coaches were so called from their constant employment in taking people there: this is, however, a wrong derivation.

Jonson, in his Epigram to Mime, says, "There's no journey set or thought upon, To Brentford, H., Bow, but thou mak'st one." In Webster's Cuckold ii. 3, the 1st boy says, "Did he not dance the hobby-horse in H. Morrice once? "In Middleton's Black Book, p. 25, we are told of 2 men hanging in chains "between Mile End and H." In Trag. Richd II iii. 2, 157, Woodstock says to the Lord who has come from Court to summon him thither, "You're pricked more with the spur than the provender, I see that. I think your dwelling be at H., when y' are at home." The point is that the Lord is a common h., or cheap roadster, in the service of the King. H., in the sense of a horse, has no connection with the place-name. Q. Elizabeth frequently visited H. with her Court. In Peele's Speeches of Q. Elizabeth iii. 7, the Mole-catcher says that in pursuit of the Q., "Next was I pointed to H.; there they said the Court was gone into the country."


A very common tavern-sign in Lond. There was one in the Strand, at the lower end of Bedford St.; another in Cheapside by Gutter Lane; another in Aldersgate St. on the W. side; and another in Milk St. Taylor, in Works ii. 37, says, "I do purpose to go dine at the H. Moone in Milk St." In the Arraignment of Robert Drewerie (1607), it is stated, "The forenamed meeting together in Aldersgate-st., went into the H. Moone tavern to drink." In Chapman's All Fools, v. 2 takes place in the H. M. Tavern in Florence.


(WESTMINSTER HALL, q.v.). Middleton, in Black Book Intro., p. 8, says, "Ploughmen leave their field to till the H."


A Lond. bookseller's sign. Liberality was "Printed by Simon Stafford for George Vincent and are to be sold at the sign of the H.-i.-H. in Wood st. over against St. Michael's ch. 1602."


A bookseller's sign in London. Webster's White Devil was "Printed by Hugh Perry at the sign of the H. in Britaine's Burse. 1631." The Tragedy of Hoffman was published at the same place in the same year. Marston's Tragedies and Comedies was "Printed by A. M. for William Sheares at the H. in Britaines Burse. 1633."


A tavern on the outskirts of Lond., but there is nothing to show exactly where it was. In B. & F. Coxcomb iii. 2, the Tinker says, "There's ale will make a cat speak at the H."


A mansion built on the site of the orchard and garden of Ely Place, Holborn (q.v.), by Sir Christopher H. in the reign of Elizabeth. It came later the hands of the D. of Richmond, whose corpse lay in state there in 1624. About 1654 it was pulled down and the present H. Gardens was built on its site. In Shirley's Peace, which was presented before the K. and Q. in Whitehall in 1633, "At Ely and H. Houses the gentlemen and their assistants met and prepared for the Court." The Masque was one of the most magnificent ever presented, and cost at least 21,000. Wright, in English Actors, tells how in 1648 a company of actors playing the Bloody Brother were arrested and carried away "to H. H., then a prison."


A subterranean apartment under Westminster Hall, granted by Henry VII to Antony Keene in 1485. But the name was transferred to a house of entertainment opposite the end of Henry VII's Chapel. In Jonson's Alchemist v. 2, Dapper is instructed by Subtle, "Her Grace would have you eat no more Woolsack pies, no Dagger frumety "; and Doll continues, "Nor break his fast in H. and Hell."

(Map Q4)

A ch. in Lond., in Gt. St. Helen's Pl., on the E. side of Bishopsgate St. Within. It was the ch. of the Priory of the Nuns of St. H., founded 1212, and also the parish ch. It has 2 parallel naves, one for each purpose, divided by a screen. It was one of the very few City churches that escaped the Gt. Fire. Here were buried Sir John Crosby and Sir T. Gresham. In an assessment roll of 1598, the name of William Shakespeare occurs 19th in the list of inhabitants of the parish of St. H. as the owner of property of the value of L5: probably the furniture of his rooms. A memorial window to the poet has been placed in the ch. by an American donor. In Brome's Covent G. iv. 1, the Puritanical Gabriel inquires of Madge, whom he supposes to have come from Amsterdam, "how the 2 zealous brethren thrive there that broke in St. Hellens." These were doubtless a couple of Puritans who had interfered with the ch. services in some way. In T. Heywood's Ed. IV A. 57, Crosbie says, "In little St. H. will I be buried." The altar-tomb with the recumbent figures of himself and his lady is on the S. side of the chancel.


Formerly a debtors' prison under Westminster Hall, but it became a tavern, and was much frequented by lawyers. In Jonson's Alchemist v. 2, Subtle tells Dapper, "Her Grace would have you eat no more Woolsack pies, no Dagger frumety "; and Doll adds, "Nor break his fast in Heaven and H." Peacham, in Worth of a Penny (1647), says that if one marries a wife that is a perfect "linguist," he were "better to take his diet in H. than his dinner at home."


A bookseller's sign in St. Paul's Churchyard, Lond. Caesar's Rev. was "Imprinted for Nathanael Fosbrooke and John Wright and are to be sold in St. Paules, Church-yard at the sign of the H. 1607."

(Map E4)
(area only; site unmarked)

Lond., in the Strand, opposite Somerset House, so called from the H. Inn at its corner. Henry Condell, co-editor of the 1st Folio of Shakespeare's works, left to his wife "my freehold messuages, etc., lying and being in H. C. in the Strand."






Vill. N. of Lond., 5 m. in a direct line from St. Paul's. It stands 350 ft. above the level of the Thames and commands a fine view of the City. In 1386 the Bp. of Lond. allowed the Gt. North Road to come through his park at H., and put a toll-bar at the top of the hill which was thought to have given rise to the name of the vill., the High Gate on the hill. The Gate House Tavern still marks its position. The way to Barnet and St. Albans by the N.W. Road lay over H. Hill, which rises pretty steeply from Holloway. At the bottom of the hill is Whittington's Stone. Higher up is Andrew Marvell's cottage, and opposite to it Cromwell House, built in 1630 for Ireton, Cromwell's son-in-law. It is now a convalescent hospital for children. Higher still was Arundel House, where Jonson's Penates was performed before James I on 1 May, 1604, and where Lord Bacon died in 1626. In the main st. of the vill. were many taverns, and in most, if not all, of them was a pair of horns, on which the ceremony of swearing on the horns was carried out. A full account will be found in Hones Year Book. H. Green stands at the top of West Hill, opposite St. Michael's Ch. It was a favourite resort of Lond. people. Drayton, in Polyolb. xvi. 255, says, "Then H. boasts his way, which men do mgt frequent." In Liberality v. 5, the Clerk says to Prodigality, "Thou art indicted that thou at H., in the county of Middlesex, didst take from one Tenacity, of the parish of Pancridge, 1000." All the great roads out of Lond. were infested with highway robbers. The scene of Oldcastle iii. 2 is "on a road near H."; and in iv. 1 Butler reports, "As I scouted to Islington The gray-eyed morning gave me glimmering Of armed men coming down H. Hill." In Jack Drum i. 1, there is a morrice dance and a song: "Let us be seen On Hygate Green To dance for the honour of Holloway." In Jonson's New Inn iv. 1, Barnaby, arriving at Barnet, tells how he lost his hat: "the wind blew't off at H." In Jonson's Tub i. 2, Clench says, "Zin Valentine! He was a deadly zin and dwelt at H."; and adds, to lend verisimilitude to his story, that he lived "at the Cock-and-Hen in H." In Tomkis' Albumazar i. 3, Ronca boasts that he has a perspective (ie. telescope) by which he can read small punt "as plainly, 12 long miles off, as you see Paul's from H." In B. & F. Wit Money iii. 1, Shorthose, annoyed at the prospect of having to drive his mistress out of town, prays: "May zealous smiths so housel all our horses That they may feel compunction in their feet, And tire at H.," i.e. before they have gone 5 m. In Middleton's Trick to Catch iv. 2, Freedom tells Lucre that his nephew is so melancholy that "you may hear him sigh In a still evening to your house at H." In Goosecap iii. 1, Rudesby asks: "Would any ass in the world ride down such a hill as H. is in such a frost as this, and never light?"In Dekker's Northward iii. 1, Doll says, "If you should but get 3 or 4 Cheshire cheeses, and set them a-running down H. Hill," the Welsh rapt. would run after them. In Underwit iv. 3, Courtwell, savagely disparaging his mistress, says of her breasts: "H. compared with 'em is Paradice." In W. Rowley's New Wonder iii., Foster says, "He's in Ludgate again." To which Mrs. Foster replies: "No, he's in H.: he struts it bravely." Ludgate was used as a prison: the point of the pun is obvious; he is not in prison, but in high gait.


A tavern in Stepney. I have not been able to trace any other reference to it. There is a H. Arms now in Upper North St., Poplar, but whether it represents the old tavern I cannot say. In Look about xxv., Lady Fauconbridge says, "At Stepney by my summer house . . . There is a tavern which I sometimes use: It is the H."

(Map G2–H2)

There are two places of the name:
  1. A village lying in the Fleet Valley in Lond., N.W. of Clerkenwell Green: the site is marked by Ray St., off Farringdon Rd., N. of Clerkenwell Rd. The name Ray St. dates from 1774, and the further improvements of 1856–7 have altered the place beyond recognition. In the 18th cent. a famous bear-garden was established there (Pope writes: "Fox loves the Senate, Hockley Hole his brother "), but in our period it was still a country village. In Middleton's R.G. iii. 2, Gallipot cries out: "Are my barns and houses yonder at Hockley Hole consumed with fire?" In Brome's Academy iii. 1, Matchil says to Rachel, "Depart at your leasure, you know the way to your old aunt, the applewoman at Hockley Hole."
  2. Hockcliffe in Beds., on the N.W. Road (Watling St.), between Dunstable and Fenny Stratford. It lies in the valley of a small stream which flows into the Ousel, a tributary of the Ouse, and may have got its name (In the Hole) from a recollection of the London Hockley. It had an ill name for highway robbery. Middleton, in his Black Book, p. 20, says of his villains: "Sometimes they are clerks of Newmarket Heath; they make many a man stand at Hockley-in-the-Hole." In Jonson's Ev. Man O. iv. 5, Sogliardo says of Shift: "He has been the only Bid-stand that ever kept Newmarket, Salisbury Plain, Hockley 1, the Hole, Gadshill, and all the high places of any request." In Merlin iii. 1, 127, the Clown says to Merlin, "Our standing-house is Hocklye-i'-the Hole and Layton Buzzard [4 m. to the W.]," i.e. we are either footpads or fools. It was also a place of assignations. In Dekker's Northward i. 1, the Chamberlain says, "Your Captains were wont to take their leave of their London pole-cats at Dunstable. The next morning their wenches brought them to Hockley i' the Hole, and so the one for Lond., the other to West Chester." Taylor, Works ii. 238, says, "Every Gill Turntripe must be coached to St. Albans, Bruntwood [i.e. Brentwood in Essex, on the E. road], Hockley in the Hole, Croydon, Windsor, Uxbridge, and many other places."

(Map O2–Q2/R3/T4)

Now called Worship St., Lond., on the W. side of Norton Folgate, leading to Bunhill Field. Gabriel Spencer (see under HOGSDON) lived in H. L. It is probable that Shakespeare lived for a time in H. L. An entry in Bodleian MS., Aubrey 8, 45, runs: "Mr. Beeston, who knows most of him fr. Mr. Lacy he lived in Shoreditch at Hoglane within 6 doors from Norton-folgate." The reference seems to be to Shakespeare. See discussion in Cornhill Mag., April 1916, p. 478. [ed. note: Hog's Lane continued east and south, skirting Houndsditch and ending at Whitechapel, on the northwest corner of which the Boar's Head playhouse was built (). It is likely an ancient track used by swineherds to drive their hogs to market.]


(called in Domesday Book HOCHESTON, and now HOXTON). H. is probably the result of a Hobson-Jobson derivation. A dist. N. of Lond., W. of the Kingsland Rd. and N. of Old Street Rd. Stow describes it in 1598 as "a large st. with houses on both sides." The H. Fields were a favourite place for afternoon jaunts by the Londoners, and they were also used as a drilling-ground for the Trainbands. Here stood a famous tavern, "The Pimlico," the name of which is preserved in Pimlico Walk.

In Oldcastle iii. 2, Acton names "H., Pancredge [i.e. St. Pancras], Kenzington "as villages where the rebels were waiting. In Jonson's Ev. Man I. i. 1, Stephen says, "Because I dwell at H., I shall keep company with none but the archers of Finsbury: .." In Jonson's Alchemist v. 1, Lovewit says he has heard that "Gallants, men and women, and all sorts, tagrag [have] been seen to flock here . . . as to a second H. in days of Pimlico and Eyebright "In v. 3, one of Mammon's projects was to make a ditch of silver about the city "run with cream from H." In Jonson's Devil i. 1, Satan reproaches Pug for his paltry exploits: "Some good ribibe [i.e. old woman] about Kentish Town or H., you would hang now for a witch." T. Heywood's Hogsdon is concerned with such a woman. In Middleton's R.G. ii. 1, Gallipot says, "Come, wenches, come; we're going all to H." In Shirley's Wedding iv. 1, Capt. Landly exclaims: "They point a duel! At H., to show fencing upon cream and cake-bread." In B. & F. Pestle iv. 5, Ralph says, "March out and show your willing minds, By 20 and by 20, To H. or to Newington, Where ale and cakes are plenty." In The Wizard (1640), we have: "You true ladies abhor it, upon one meeting, or over a H. cask, to clap up a match." I suppose the meaning is "on a picnic to H.," but it is not certain. Possibly for "cask "we should read "cake." Ben Jonson fought a duel in H. Fields with Gabriel Spencer, and killed him, in 1598. In Brome's Academy iii. 2, Strigood says that Cash is not "of those that gall their hands with stool-balls or their cat-sticks for white-pots, pudding-pies, stewed prunes, and tansies, to feast their tits at Islington or H." The author of Tarlton's Purgatory, in his preface, tells how, being prevented from going to the theatre by the crowd, "I stept by dame Anne of Cleeres well, and went by the backside of H." for a country walk. In Nabbes' Bride ii. 4, Raven calls the Cheapside prentices "the learned youth of H." from their habit of frequenting that popular resort. In Jonson's Ev. Man I. i. 1, Wellbred writes: "Do not conceive that antipathy between us and H. as was between Jews and hogs-flesh." In Deloney's Craft i. 12, Haunce says to Florence, "Let me entreat you to go to H., and I will bestow a mess of cream upon you." Gosson, in School of Abuse (1579), p. 37 (Arber), says of loose women: "They live a mile from the city like Venus' nuns in a cloister at Newington, Ratliffe, Islington, H., or some such place."

(Map E3–F3/G4–J4)

One of the main thoroughfares of Lond., running W. from the corner of Newgate St. and Old Bailey to Drury Lane. The traditional derivation is from a mythical Oldbourne which was reported to have run down the st. from the Bars to H. Bdge. The name in Do Domesday Book is Holeburne, and was probably another name for the Fleet river. The erection of the H. Viaduct, opened in 1869, has completely altered the old st. In the 16th cent. it crossed the Fleet river by a stone bdge. (H. Bdge.), then ascended steeply to the corner of Fetter Lane (H. Hill);from this point to the Bars, just W. of Brooke St., it was called H., and thence to Drury Lane, High H. W. of the Bars, which marked the boundary of the liberties of the City, was a block of buildings obstructing the st., called Middle Row: they were removed in 1868. H. was a great lawyers' quarter; on the N. side were Furnival's Inn and Gray's Inn; on the S., Thavies Inn, Barnard's Inn, and Staple Inn. As one of the main entrances to Lond., it had many taverns, amongst which were the George and Blue Boar, the Castle, the Old Bell, the Sun, the Bear, and the Black Bull. At the junction of Snow Hill (or Snor Hill) and H. stood the H. Cross, and by it a conduit, built in 1577 by William Lamb on the site of an older one that had fallen into decay. Prisoners from Newgate and the Tower were taken to Tyburn for execution along H., and H. Hill was nicknamed Heavy Hill in consequence.

In R3 iii. 4, 33, Gloucester says to the Bp. of Ely, "When I was last in H. I saw good strawberries in your garden there." Ely Place, the town house of the Bp. of Ely, was on the N. side of H., E. of Hatton Garden (see ELY PLACE). The Fleet was navigable up to H. Bdge. Jonson's Famous Voyage describes how Sir R. Shelton and Sir C. Haydon "proposed to go to H. in a wherry "from Bridewell Dock. Towards the end of the voyage we have: "Behold where Cerberus, reared on the wall Of H. Height (3 serjeants' beads) looks o'er. They cryed out Puss. He told them he was Banks That had so often showed them merry pranks." The serjeants are Serjeants at Law in the Inns of Court on the top of H. Hill, and Banks–or rather the spirit of Banks, transmigrated, with that of his performing horse, into the body of a cat–is, as he has explained earlier, one of the cats that preyed for garbage on the banks of the Fleet. In Hycke, p. 99, Frewyll, having been put into prison for theft, his fellow Imagynacyon "walked through H. . . . And walked up towards St. Gyles in the fields," evidently expecting to see Frewyll led out to execution. In Oldcastle ii. 1, Acton says that Ficket Field is "Behind st. Giles in the field near H." (see FICKET FIELD). Murley retorts: "Newgate, up H., S. Giles in the field, and to Tiborne: an old saw." This is the route of prisoners to execution. In Middleton's Chess ii. 1, the Black Bp. says he undertook to cure Gondomar's fistula "with a High H. halter," and told him that "3 turns at Tyburn "was the only way to mend him. In Glapthorne's Hollander iii, 1, Fortress prescribes the keeping of the rules of the Twiball knights "under penalty of being carried up H. in a cart and at Tiburne executed." In Selimus 2082, Bullithrumble says, "Marry, that had been the way to preferment, down Holburne, up Tiburne." In Dekker's Northward ii. 1, Hornet, who has got round his neck a copper chain, says, "Better men than old Jack Hornet have rode up H. with as bad a thing about their necks as this." Criminals wore the rope round their necks on the way to the gallows. In K. K. Knave Dods. vi. 591, Honesty says, "You must bear your sheet and in a cart be towed up H.-Hill." The prisoners going to Tyburn were dressed in a shroud. Taylor, Works i. 101, says, "A beggar seldom rides up H. Hill." In Shirley's Wedding iv. 3, Rawbones says, "Now I'm in the cart riding up H. with a guard of halbardiers." In Middleton's Quarrel iv. 4, Chough says to Meg, "Mayst thou be drawn from H. to Hounslow Heath!" H. was commonly chosen for the public carting and flogging of criminals: e.g. Titus Oates was flogged up H. In Jonson's Barthol. ii. 1, Knockem says to Ursula, "What!my little lean Ursula! art thou alive yet?"= ` Yes," she replies, "and to amble a-foot to hear you groan out of a cart up the heavy hill.''? "Of Holbourne, Ursula, meanest thou so?"says he. In Day's B. Beggar iii., Canby, when urged by Hadland to turn gipsy and go about fortune-telling, says, "That's the smooth footpath up H.; no, Jack." In Brome's City Wit iii. 1, when Crasy tells Crack he is "in the high way of preferment," he replies: "Not the high H. way I hope, Sir." In T. Heywood's Hogsdon v. 4, Young Chartley says, "I took post-horse, Rid out of H., turned by Islington, So hither, wench, to lodge all night with thee "at Hogsdon. In Middleton's R.G. ii. 1, Laxton asks Moll to meet him "somewhere near H." And she answers: "In Gray's Inn Fields then." These lay just N. of H. In Barry's Ram iii. 3, Will Smallshanks, pursuing Lady Sommerfield's daughter, says, "Let's along Shoe-lane, then straight up H." Shoe Lane runs N. from Fleet St. to H. In World Child, p. 180, Folly says, "In H. was I brought forth and with the courtiers to Westminster I used to wend, for I am a servant of the law." In Middleton's Trick to Catch i. 4, Dampit, the rascally lawyer, calls his clients "motions of Fleet St., visions of H." In iv. 5, Audrey sings to Dampit, "Let the usurer cram him, in interest that excel, There's pits enow to damn him before he comes to hell: In H. some, in Fleet st. some." I am not sure whether she means lawyers or taverns: probably the former. In his R.G. iii. 3, Serjeant Curtilax dwells in H.: Moll says, "This H. is such a wrangling st."; and Trapdoor adds: "That's because lawyers walks to and fro in it."

H. had not a good reputation, especially towards the W. end of it, where the gardens lent themselves to loose behaviour. In Barry's Ram i. 1, Constantia says of her lover: "What makes he here in the skirts of H., so near the field and at a garden-house? he has some punk." In News from Hell, the Cardinal mentions H. as a haunt of whores and thieves. In Middleton's Quarrel iv. 1, persons wishing to learn the gentle art of roaring are advertised to "repair into H. at the sign of the CheatLoaf ": so called because it was once a baker's shop. In Jonson's Alchemist i. 1, Face picked up Dapper, the lawyer's clerk, "in H., at the Dagger "(q.v.). In the Actors' Remonstrance (1643), we read of "the famous motion of Bell and the Dragon so frequently visited at H. Bilge."

There were several booksellers in H. Glapthorne's Wallenstein was "Imprinted by Tho. Paine for George Hunton and are to be sold at his shop within Turnstile in H. 1640." There were 2 turnstiles in H. leading from Whetstone Park, on the S. side, N. of Lincoln's Inn Fields. Glapthorne's Hollander was "Printed by I.Okes for A. Wilson and are to be sold at her [sic] shop at Grayes-Inn-Gate in H. 1640." Three Ladies was "Printed by Roger Warde dwelling near H. Conduit at the sign of the Talbot. 1584." Three Lords was "Printed by R. Thomas at the Rose and Crown near H. Bilge. 1590 "Marlowe's Ed. II was "Imprinted by Richard Bradocke for William Jones dwelling near Holbourne conduit at the sign of the Gunne. 1598." Milkmaids was "Printed by Bernard Alsop for Lawrence Chapman and are to be sold at his shop in H., over against Staple Inne, hard by the Barres. 1620." John Milton lived from 1647 to 1649 in a house on the S. side of High H., between the Turnstiles, opening backward on Lincoln's Inn Fields. In 1660, after his deliverance from the perils of the Restoration, he lived for a short time on the N. side of H., near Red Lion Sq.


In the Lond. Counters the prisoners were accommodated according to their ability to pay. The Master's side was the best and most expensive; then came the Knights' ward, the two-penny ward, and finally the H., which was the cheapest and worst. It was also used of the worst quarters in other prisons. From Enforced Marriage we learn that prisoners in the H. had straw mattresses'. In the Puritan iii. 4, Puttock says of Pybord: "If e'er we clutch him again, the Counter shall charm him." And Ravenshaw adds: "The H. shall rot him." In Walks of Hogsdon (1657), there is a sort of thieves' litany: "Next from the stocks, the H., and Little-Ease, Libera nos, Domine." In T. Heywood's Woman Killed iv. 1, Susan, telling old Mountford of the arrest of Sir Charles, says, "He is denied the freedom of the prison, And in the H. is laid with men condemned." In Eastward v. 1, Wolf, the Keeper of the Counter, describes the penitence of his prisoners: "Mr. Quicksilver would be i' the H. if we would let him." In Ford's Warbeck ii. 3, Heron says, rather than let the Scots get all the glory of helping Warbeck, "Let me live first a bankrupt and die in the lousy H. of hunger." In Killigrew's Parson iv. 2, Wild says, "Make his mittimus to the h. at Newgate." In T. Heywood's F. M. Exch. i., Cripple asks Bowdler, "Didst thou lie in the Knights' ward or on the Master's side?"–"Neither," says he. "Where then," rejoins the Cripple, "in the H.?" In Cooke's Greene's Quoque, p. 563, Spendall, being committed to prison, asks, "What ward should I remove in?" Holdfast replies: "Why, to the twopenny ward; it's the likeliest to hold out with your means; or, if yon will, you may go into the h., and there you may feed for nothing." Spendall rejoins, "Aye, out of the alms basket." In Webster's Appius & Virginia iii. 4, the Clown says, "The Lord Appius hath committed her to ward, and it is thought she shall neither lie on the knight side, nor in the two-penny ward; if he may have his will of her, he means to put her in the h." A double entendre is intended. Middleton, in Black Book (1604), p. 8, says of certain fools: "They are dark . . . As is the H. at Newgate: "


A mansion in Kensington in H. Park, lying N. of Kensington Rd., between H. Walk and Addison Rd. It was built in 1607 for Sir Walter Cope. By his daughter's marriage to Henry Rich, created Earl of H. in 1622, it passed into the Rich family. The Earl was beheaded in 1649, but his house was restored to his widow. In Wright's Historic Histrionics, we read: "In Oliver's time the players used to act privately 3 or 4 miles out of town, now here, now there; sometimes in noblemen's houses, in particular H. H. at Kensington."

(Map H7)
(area only; site unmarked)

A notorious house of ill-fame in Southwark, at the corner of Holland St. and Bankside, just E. of where Blackfriars Bdge. now spans the river. It was originally an old moated manor-house, but fell to low uses. Leaguer is used in the sense of a military camp, the women being supposed to be the soldiers. In Nabbes' Totenham iv. 4, the Taster says of the trick Ballamie is playing: "Here's a Totenham Court project translated over the water from Holland." Marmion's Leaguer takes its name from this place, and the scene is partly laid there. In iv. 1, one of the women says, "Some term us the L."; and it is so called throughout the play. In Glapthorne's Hollander i. 1, Popingaie boasts, "None such soldier had H. L:"


A dist. in N. London, stretching along the H. Rd. from Highbury to Highgate. As it was on the Gt. North Rd., it had many taverns and houses of entertainment, amongst them the famous Mother Redcap Tavern, the sign of which still remains. In Jack Drum i. 1, the Morrice dancers sing, "Let us be seen, On Hygate-greene, To dance for the honour of H." In Jonson's Tub ii. 1, Hilts says, "That I would fain zee, quoth the blind George of H." In Pardoner, Hazlitt, i. 232, we have: "Marry that I would see, quod blind Hew."


A bookseller's sign in St. Paul's churchyard. The sign would doubtless be a dove in flight. Shakespeare's Venus and Adonis was "Imprinted at Lond. for William Leake dwelling at the sign of the H. G. in Paule's Church yard. 1602."


A bookseller's sign in St. Paul's Churchyard. Wily Beguiled was "Printed by H. L. for Clement Knight and are to be sold at his shop in Paules Churchyard at the sign of the H. L: 1606." In Dekker's Babylon, p. 215, Plain Dealing says that Truth "dwells at the sign of the H. L."

(Map M1–P1)

Shoreditch, Lond, continuing Bishopsgate St. N. It is now called High St. Richd. Burbage, the actor, lived and died in H. St., and in the immediate neighbourhood were the Theatre and The Curtain, q.v.

(Map M4–a corruption of Huggin Lane?)

Lond., off Cheapside, opposite Bow Ch. It was named, like Bread St., Milk St., Fish St., etc., from the commodity sold there. Honey was a much more important article of diet before the introduction of cane-sugar. In Jonson's Christmas, Father Christmas in a song, introduces the masquers to his audience, one of them "With orange on head And his gingerbread, Clem Waspe of H. L.'tis."

(Map M8)

On the Bankside, Southwark. It was originally a bear-garden, but was rebuilt as a combined playhouse and baiting-ring by Philip Henslowe and Jacob Meade in 1613. It stood between the Bankside and Maiden Lane, to the W. of Bear Garden Alley. Jonson's Barthol. was produced here in 1614. The house fell out of use as a playhouse in 1616, partly because the playgoers found the smell of the animals offensive, but continued to be used for bear-baiting until 1682. In Jonson's Barthol., Ind., the scrivener reads: "Articles of agreement between the spectators or hearers at the H. on the Bankside in the county of Surrey and the author of Bartholomew Fair." Later the author says: "Though the Fair be not kept in the same region that some here perhaps would have it, yet think that therein the author hath observed a special decorum, the place being as dirty as Smithfield and as stinking every whit." [ed. note: This playhouse's foundations are thought to be the two long brick walls unearthed in Bear Garden alley in May of 2001.]


(more fully the H. ON THE HOOP) A tavern in Fleet St., on the site now occupied by Anderton's Hotel (Nos. 162–165). The sign has been traced back to 1385, when the house belonged to John Phippe, a carrier; the next owner was Thomas Atte Haye, who combined the businesses of goldsmith and brewer. In T. Heywood's Lucrece ii. 5, Valerius, in his list of the taverns of Rome (i.e. Lond.), sings: "The townsman to the H." In Underwit ii. 2, Thomas is sent to find out the lawyer Sackbury, and reports: "Inquiring at the H. tavern, I heard he had been there." Middleton, in Hubburd (1604), p. 67, says, "They were to dine together at the H. in Fleet St., being a house where their lawyer resorted:' It was, of course, near the lawyers' quarters in the Temple. On p. 77 the lawyer advises the young would-be gallant that "his eating must be in some famous tavern, as the H., the Mitre, or the Mermaid."

(Map L3)
((area only; site unmarked)

A lane in Lond. off the E. side of Aldersgate St., about midway, now Edmund Pl. In Alimony i. 2, Timon says of the play: "My scene is H. A., the name it bears is Lady Alimony." No doubt the locality was chosen for the sake of the double entendre on "horns," which the Elizabethans seem to have thought very funny.


An eating-house in Lond., but it is possible that it is a fictitious name for a brothel, with the usual Elizabethan play on the word horn. In Jonson's Ev. Man O. iv. 2, Carlo says of Sogliardo: "He's a leiger at H. O. yonder."

(Map V8)

A dist. in Southwark extending from the E. end of Tooley St. to Dockhead. The H. stairs are just at the foot of the Tower Bdge. A fair used to be held here, of which there is a painting at Hatfield House by Hofnagle. Fair St. still preserves its memory. In Humorous Lovers (1617), one of the characters says, "I'll set up my bills that the gamesters of Lond., H., Southwark, and Newmarket may come in and bait the bear here before the ladies."

(Map K3)
(area only; site unmarked)

A pond on the N.W. side of W. Smithfield, "where the inhabitants of that part of the City did water their horses." In Jonson's Barthol. ii. 1, Quarlous, proposing to duck Dame Ursula, says, "Do you think there may be a fine cocking-stool in the Fair to be purchased?one large enough, I mean. I know there is a pond of capacity for her."


A tavern in Lond. The sign was a common one: there was one on Tower Hill and another in Drury Lane. In Marmion's Companion i. 4, Careless says, "Entreat him to meet me at the H. tavern at dinner; I love that house for the sign's sake, 'tis the very print of the shoe that Pegasus wore when he broke up Helicon with his hoof." The fountain of Hippocrene on Helicon was said to have sprung from the hoof print of Pegasus. There was also a H. Tavern at Daventry, to the host of which Mr. Andrew Hilton-Taylor dedicated his Scourge of Baseness.

(Map J4)

In Lond., running from W. Smithfield to King St. Stow describes it as "not over well built or inhabited, having all old timber houses "; and says that during Bartholomew Fair all the houses were made public "for tippling and lewd sort of people:' In Barry's Ram v. 2, Smallshanks informs Throate that the supposed heiress whom he has married is "the wench I kept in H: L."



(Map R3)

St. in Lond. running N.W. along the line of the old City moat from Aldgate to Bishopsgate. The name was originally applied to the whole extent of the City moat, but became confined in the 16th cent. to this section of it. It probably got its name from the City Hounds, which were kept in kennels there. The moat was filled in early in the 16th cent. and the st. was paved in 1503. It was mainly occupied by brokers, i.e. old clothes dealers, of whom many are still to be found there, though the centre of the trade has shifted east to Petticoat Lane, now more respectable under the title of Middlesex St. In Nabbes' C. Garden ii. 2, Warrant says to Spruce, "Thou buy'st thy laundry in Long-Lane or H." In Dekker's Seven Sins, Cruelty, "spying the brokers of H., he stops, calling them all his dearest sons." In Jonson's Ev. Man I. iii. 2, Brain, being asked where he got his coat, says, "Of a H. man, Sir, one of the devil's near kinsmen, a broker." Dekker, in Knight's Conjuring (1607), speaks of "all the brokers in Long Lane, H., or elsewhere." Rowland, in Liking of Humours (1611), calls H. "the brokers' Row." Middleton, in Black Book, p. 16, says, "Let brokers become honest and remove to heaven out of H." Taylor, in Works iii. 7, says, "Was H. H. called, can any tell, Before the brokers in that street did dwell?No, sure it was not, it hath got that name From them." In ii. 3, he says, "I come from H., Long Lane, and from Bridewell, Where all that have lived ill have all not died well." In Middleton's No Wit i. 1, Weatherwise exclaims: "Some lousy fiddler run away with your daughter! May Clerkenwell have the first cut of her, and H. pick her bones!" In W. Rowley's Match Mid. iv. 1, Crack writes: "I Randal Crack of Carmarden, do love thee Mary Ploodhounds of H., dwelling near Aldgaie and Bishopsgate." In Dekker's Devil's Last Rill, one item runs: "My will is that all the brokers in Long-lane be sent 'tome with all speed possible; and for their brethren (the rest of their Jewish tribe in the synagogue of H.) let them be assured they shall not be forgotten." In his Strange Horse-race (1613), Dekker says, "The Brokers went both away like a couple of hounds in a string together, and lie buried at the grate which receives the common sewer in the midst of H." In T. Heywood's Ed. IV A. 21, Spicing, he and his rebels having been driven back from Bishopsgate, says, "We are all like to feed hogs in H." See also DOGSDITCH.


Now applied to the open space in Lond. lying between Park Lane and Kensington Gardens, and extending from Oxford St. to Knightsbridge. It covers 386 acres, but originally it included Kensington Gardens and with them made an open park of over 600 acres. It is the ancient manor of Hide, which belonged to the Abbey of Westminster until it was taken possession of by Henry VIII. From his time to the end of the reign of James I it was reserved as a royal hunting-ground for deer, heron, and other game; and it was enclosed by a paling fence. A succession of small pools ran along the S. side of the P., which were united into the Serpentine river in 1730. Early in the reign of Charles I the Ring, or Tour, was formed: it was a circular drive about 90 yards in diameter, and lay some 150 yards N. of the E. end of the Serpentine. It was used for horse, foot, and coach-races, and soon became a fashionable resort; and cakes and cream were provided for the visitors at the Cake House. During the Commonwealth the p. was sold to 3 private buyers, but was resumed by the Crown at the Restoration and became still more popular with the aristocracy and gentlefolk of the town.

In Jonson's New World, the Factor asks of the new world in the Moon: "Have they any places of meeting with their coaches and taking the fresh open air, and then covert when they please, as in our H. p. or so?"In Staple prol., Jonson asks: "What is it to his [the author's] scene to know How many coaches in H. p. did show Last spring?"In his Devil i. 3, Fitzdottrel promises, "I'll go bespeak me straight a gilt caroch for her and you to take the air in; yes, into H. P." In Shirley's Ball iv. 3, Winfield says to the ladies, "I do allow you H. p. and Spring Garden." In his Fair One i. 3, Fowler says, "There is no discourse so becoming your gallants now at a horse-race or H. P.–what ladies' lips are softest, etc." One of his plays is called Hyde Park, and Acts III and IV take place in the p. and give a vivid description of a footrace between an Irishman and an Englishman; and of a horse-race on which the ladies bet Spanish gloves to scarlet stockings. The whole should be read by the student. In Mayne's s Match v. 2, Dorcas stipulates that she is to have "My footman to run by me when I . . . take the air sometimes in H. P." In Brome's Merry Beggars ii. 1, Vincent says, "Shall we make a fling to Lond. and see how the spring appears there in Spring Gardens and in H. P., to see the races horse and foot; to hear the jockeys crack; and see Adamites run naked afore the ladies?"In Killigrew's Parson i. 3, jolly says, "To H. p. or so I may venture on your lady-fair days when the filly-foals of 15 come kicking in." Randolph, Poems (1634) ii. 539, satirizes one whose ambition it is to "Keep his race-nags, and in H. p. be seen." In Davenant's Wits i. 2, Palatine advises his son, "So live that usurers shall call their money in, remove their bank to Ordinaries, Spring Garden, and H. P." In Glapthorne's Wit ii. 1, Holdfast says, "I do intend to scour Hide p. this summer." In Brome's Couple i. 1, Wat tells Careless, "All your hidden ways in Hide-parke races are trod out and all your bowling booties beaten bare off o' the Grounds and Allies." In Brome's Academy iii. 1, Matchil says to Rachel's lover, "She shall not jaunt to this nor that town with you nor to Hide-P." In his Northern ii. 1, Fitchow surmises that Luckless has come to invite her forth "into the air of Hidepark or Maribone." In Cowley's Cutter [ed. note The Guardian] iii. 1, Aurelia says to jolly, who is proposing to marry the widow Barebottle, "You'd be very proud of a soapboiler's widow then in Hide-P., Sir!"